The tab-top or tie-top is a valance that is designed by adding loops to the top of the curtain that can be wrapped around the curtain rod. An extra strip of fabric is added to be able to tie the valance to the top of the curtain rod. These curtains are also known as “stagecoach” because they resemble the back in the day look of moving carriages.
The swag valance is designed by draping the fabric in a semicircular motion to create a bunched-up ruffled styling. These valances can give a room a very elegant style or depending on the fabric, a more casual look. It is a modern design.
The tailored valance is created similar to the swag valance but it has a crisp, ironed, and neat appearance rather than ruffled or distressed. These window treatments can be used solely or with a full length curtain. They are not designed to block out UV rays.
A scalloped valance is designed by similar to the tailored valance but instead of the hem being straight and neat, it is tapered. This type of valance is used to spruce up a room as they are designed using different types of fabrics and prints.
A balloon valance is similar to a scalloped valance but there is more stitching at the bottom to give the appearance of air-filled. The bottom portion has more fabric that the top to also add to this effect. They are mostly made of light-weight material like cotton. These valances can be used as a stand alone or to accommodate a full length curtain. They are not design the block out light.